50 lakhs for quashing 498a case ! Indian ‘settlement’ industry runs to 100s of crores per-annum !

Here’s a case where a husband is settling Rs 50 lakhs some 7 years after the case was registered and 9 years after FIR. And the “settlement” ..  a good 50 lakhs !! If just one case would settle at 50 Lakhs, imagine what the total “settlement” number would be at ??

Men are openly milked by the “system”. Of course one can blame the husband for paying, and I do NOT in anyway espouse or support “settlements” . But please note that this guy seems to have fought for quite some years B4 paying





DHAVAL DILIPKUMAR JOSHI & 2….Applicant(s) Versus STATE OF GUJARAT & 1….Respondent(s)


MS.P J.JOSHI, ADVOCATE for the Applicant(s) No. 1 ­ 3
MR MANISH J PATEL, ADVOCATE for the Respondent(s) No. 2
PUBLIC PROSECUTOR for the Respondent(s) No. 1



Date : 08/07/2016


  1. This petition is preferred seeking quashment of complaint being Criminal Case No.2449/2009 dated 16.11.2009 registered before Metropolitan Magistrate, Court No.5, Ahmedabad.
  2. During the pendency of this matter, parties have chosen to settle their dispute amicably. Yet another petition before this Court being Criminal Misc. Application No.15781 of 2016 has been disposed of in presence of complainant, wherein this Court has passed the following order on 07.07.2016:

“Rule returnable today. Learned APP Mr. Ronak Raval waives service of notice of Rule for and on behalf of the respondent No.1- State of Gujarat.

This Criminal Misc. Application is preferred under Article 226 of the Constitution of India read with Section 482 of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 for quashment of the complaint, being CR No.I-446 of 2007 registered with Vatva Police Station, Ahmedabad for the offence punishable under Sections 498[A], 323, 114 of the Indian Penal Code read with Sections 3 & 7 of the Dowry Prohibition Act.

The original complainant -respondent No. 2 is present before this Court and urges that she has no objection if the complaint is quashed. The affidavit of the original complainant-respondent No.2 is brought on record. The parties have settled their disputes. The petition for divorce by way of consent under the Hindu Marriage Act is also pending before the learned Principal Judge, Family Court, Ahmedabad. The applicant has deposited sum of Rs. 50,00,000/- towards the full and final settlement as permanent alimony. Necessary documents are also brought on record. She has entered into compromise out of their own volition.

Both the sides have been heard. This Court has taken a note of contents of the affidavit and the same have been verified by learned APP from the complainant. Considering the facts that this is matrimonial disputes and the parties have amicably settled the dispute, which being private in nature, so as to bring peace between the parties, this Court is of the opinion that they can be permitted to settle the same and the criminal proceedings which is otherwise not compoundable in nature, with the consent terms being placed on the record, deserves to be quashed. Apt it would be to reproduce the relevant observations made by the Apex Court in case of Jitendra Raghuvanshi & Ors. v. Babita Raghuvanshi & Anr., reported in 2013 (3) GLR 1875, which reads thus –

“14. The inherent powers of the High Court under Section 482 of the Code are wide and unfettered. In B.S. Joshi (Supra), this Court has upheld the powers of the High Court under Section 482 to quash criminal proceedings where dispute is of a private nature and a compromise is entered into between the parties who are willing to settle their HC-NIC Page 2 of 4 Created On Thu Jul 14 01:03:16 IST 2016 R/CR.MA/3462/2015 ORDER differences amicably. We are satisfied that the said decision is directly applicable to the case on hand and the High Court ought to have quashed the criminal proceedings by accepting the settlement arrived at.

  15.In our view, it is the duty of the courts to encourage genuine settlements of matrimonial disputes, particularly, when the same are on considerable increase. Even if the offences are non-compoundable, if they relate to matrimonial disputes and the court is satisfied that the parties have settled the same amicably and without any pressure, we hold that for the purpose of securing ends of justice, Section 320 of the Code would not be a bar to the exercise of power of quashing of FIR, complaint or the subsequent criminal proceedings. http://evinayak.tumblr.com/ ; https://vinayak.wordpress.com/ ; https://twitter.com/ATMwithDick

  16.There has been an outburst of matrimonial disputes in recent times. The institution of marriage occupies an important place and it has an important role to play in the society. Therefore, every effort should be made in the interest of the individuals in order to enable them to settle down in life and live peacefully. If the parties ponder over their defaults and terminate their disputes amicably by mutual agreement instead of fighting it out in a court of law, in order to do complete justice in the matrimonial matters, the courts should be less hesitant in exercising its extraordinary jurisdiction. It is trite to state that the power under Section 482 should be exercised sparingly and with circumspection only when the court is convinced, on the basis of material on record, that allowing the proceedings to continue would be an abuse of the process of the court or that the ends of justice require that the proceedings ought to be quashed. We also make it clear that exercise of such power would depend upon the facts and circumstances of each case and it has to be exercised in appropriate cases in order to do real and substantial justice for the administration of which alone the courts exist. It HC-NIC Page 3 of 4 Created On Thu Jul 14 01:03:16 IST 2016 R/CR.MA/3462/2015 ORDER is the duty of the courts to encourage genuine settlements of matrimonial disputes and Section 482 of the Code enables the High Court and Article 142 of the Constitution enables this Court to pass such orders.”

As a parting note, request is also made by learned advocates appearing for the parties to expeditious proceed with the matter which is pending before the Family Court, Ahmedabad.

Learned Principal Judge, Family Court, Ahmedabad is hereby directed to expeditious proceed with the matter which is pending considering the young age of the parties.

In the result, this Criminal Misc. Application is allowed. The F.I.R. Being CR No.446 of 2007 filed before Vatva Police Station, Ahmedabad is hereby ordered to be quashed. Registry shall accept the vakalatpatra of Mr. Manish Patel, learned advocate appears for the original complainant- respondent No.2 Rule is made absolute. Direct service is permitted.”

  Along this line, this petition deserves to be disposed of and accordingly stands disposed of.

  1. Resultantly, the request for quashment is acceded to and the impugned complaint is QUASHED with all consequential proceedings. DISPOSED OF, accordingly. Direct service is permitted.




This judgment and other similar judgments posted on this blog was / were collected from Judis nic in website and / or other websites of Govt. of India or other internet web sites like worldlii or indiankanoon or High court websites. Some notes are made by Vinayak. Should you find the dictum in this judgment or the judgment itself repealed or amended or would like to make improvements or comments, please post a comment on the comment section of the blog and if you are reading this on tumblr please post responses as comments at vinayak.wordpress.com . Vinayak is NOT a lawyer and nothing in this blog and/or site and/or file should be considered as legal advise.

CASE FROM JUDIS / INDIAN KANOON WEB SITE with necessary Emphasis, Re formatting

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