whaaat ? conviction rate has dropped ? NO !! the FALSE CASE RATE HAS DOUBLED , and that’s why conviction is half !! & In 2012, 84.6% of a total of 9 million cases had not gone to trial, while charge-sheeting rate has remained constant at around 80% from 2002 to 2012.
Conviction rate dips to almost half in 40 years
Deeptiman Tiwary,TNN | Jan 14, 2014, 04.16 AM IST
NEW DELHI: Given the abysmally poor conviction rate in serious cases of crime, the recent Supreme Court order to formulate a procedure for taking action against erring investigating or prosecuting officials for acquittals could spell trouble for almost the entire system.
According to National Crime Records Bureau data, in the past four decades, the rate of conviction in crimes committed under Indian Penal Code (IPC) has dropped miserably. From 62.7% in 1972, conviction rate in IPC crimes has dropped to 38.5% in 2012.
Data shows the courts too have become increasingly sluggish in the past 40 years with the ratio of cases tried to those committed for trial dropping from 30.9% to 13.4%, resulting in massive pendency. In 2012, 84.6% of a total of 93,28,085 cases had not gone to trial.
To make matters worse, in serious crimes such as murder, rape and robbery conviction rates are far lower than the national average for all IPC crimes (38.5%). While for murder conviction rate stands at 35.6%, for rape it is 24.2% even as only 28.6% of robbery cases end in conviction.
And if SC orders are followed and implemented, investigating and prosecuting officers of states such as Maharashtra, West Bengal and Odisha are in trouble. Conviction rates in all these states hovers merely at around 10%. In violent crimes such as murder and rape, Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, West Bengal, Odisha, Jammu and Kashmir and Maharashtra have the worst record (if only big states with significant population are taken into account). In all these states, conviction rate for murder hovers in the range of 19-27%, while for rape it is between 7.5% and 21.3%.
Police sources say the problem is far greater than the inadequacies of investigating and prosecuting officers, and correcting it would take an overhauling of the entire criminal justice system. "If there is corruption in police, lower judiciary is no exception. Also, we need far greater number of policemen and courts to address this problem. No one is ready to address the issue of police reforms which talks about separating investigation wings from law and order units apart from other significant changes which could have an impact on conviction rates," said a senior police officer on condition of anonymity.
The NCRB data only emphasizes the urgency of addressing the issue of police reforms given that at the end of 2012, there were still 8,45,495 cases pending investigation by the police despite a disposal rate of 73.8% while dealing with 32,43,783 cases accumulated over the years. In fact, in the past decade, little has changed in terms of police charge-sheets. The charge-sheeting rate has remained constant at around 80% from 2002 to 2012.
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